Menene birgima (RA) jan karfe da kuma yadda ake yin shi?

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Birgimatsare tagulla, Bakin karfe mai siffa mai siffar zobe, ana kera shi kuma ana yin shi ta hanyar birgima ta zahiri, tsarin samar da shi kamar haka:

Shigarwa:Ana loda danyen kayan a cikin tanderun narkewa don jefawa cikin ingot mai siffar murabba'i.Wannan tsari yana ƙayyade kayan samfurin ƙarshe.Dangane da kayayyakin da ake amfani da su na jan karfe, sauran karafa banda tagulla za a hada su a wannan tsari.

M(Zafi)Mirgina:Ingot yana zafi kuma ana mirgina shi cikin samfurin tsaka-tsaki da aka naɗe.

Gurasar acid:Matsakaicin samfurin bayan mirgina mai tsauri ana tsabtace shi tare da raunin acid mai rauni don cire ƙoshin oxide da ƙazanta a saman kayan.

Daidaitawa(sanyi)Mirgina:Tsaftataccen samfurin tsaka-tsakin tsiri yana ƙara mirgina har sai an mirgina shi zuwa kauri na ƙarshe da ake buƙata.Kamar yadda kayan jan ƙarfe a cikin tsarin jujjuyawar, ƙaƙƙarfan kayan nasa zai zama da wuya, abu mai wuyar gaske yana da wahala don jujjuyawa, don haka lokacin da kayan ya kai wani tauri, zai zama matsakaitan matsakaita don rage taurin kayan, don sauƙaƙe jujjuyawa. .A lokaci guda kuma, don guje wa jujjuyawar a cikin tsarin jujjuyawar a saman kayan da ke haifar da zurfafa zurfafawa, za a sanya manyan masana'anta a tsakanin kayan da rolls a cikin fim ɗin mai, manufar ita ce yin. ƙarshen samfurin saman ƙare mafi girma.

Ragewa:Wannan mataki yana samuwa ne kawai a cikin samfurori masu mahimmanci, manufar shine don tsaftace man shafawa na inji da aka kawo a cikin kayan a lokacin aikin mirgina.A cikin tsarin tsaftacewa, ana gudanar da maganin juriya na iskar oxygen a dakin da zafin jiki (wanda ake kira passivation magani) yawanci, watau passivation wakili an saka shi a cikin maganin tsaftacewa don rage yawan iskar shaka da canza launin jan karfe a dakin da zafin jiki.

Annealing:Ƙwararren ƙarfe na ciki na kayan jan ƙarfe ta hanyar dumama a babban zafin jiki, don haka rage taurinsa.

Roughing(Na zaɓi): Ana yin ƙunci a saman fuskar tagulla (yawanci foda na jan ƙarfe ko cobalt-nickel foda ana fesa a saman foil ɗin tagulla sannan a warke) don ƙara ƙaƙƙarfan foil ɗin tagulla (don ƙarfafa ƙarfin bawonsa).A cikin wannan tsari, ana kuma bi da farfajiya mai haske tare da maganin oxygenation mai zafi (wanda aka yi amfani da shi tare da Layer na karfe) don ƙara ƙarfin kayan aiki a yanayin zafi mai zafi ba tare da oxidation da discoloration ba.

(Lura: Ana yin wannan tsari gabaɗaya lokacin da ake buƙatar irin wannan kayan)

Tsaga:an raba kayan da aka yi birgima na tagulla zuwa fadin da ake buƙata bisa ga buƙatun abokin ciniki.

Gwaji:Yanke ƴan samfura daga ƙaƙƙarfan mirgine don gwajin abun da ke ciki, ƙarfin ƙarfi, haɓakawa, haƙuri, ƙarfin kwasfa, rashin ƙarfi, gamawa da buƙatun abokin ciniki don tabbatar da cewa samfurin ya cancanci.

Shiryawa:Shirya samfuran da aka gama waɗanda suka cika ƙa'idodi a cikin batches cikin kwalaye.


Lokacin aikawa: Jul-08-2021